The Evolution of Bloom’s Taxonomy and How it Applies to Teachers Today

The Original Bloom’s Taxonomy

In 1956, and educational psychologist Benjamin Bloom developed a tool that teachers could use to develop a structure and an understanding of how students think (Churches, 2016). It has been a very popular and useful tool for many years. Below is an image that shows his original taxonomy with the lower thinking skills on the bottom, and the higher thinking skills at the top.

 

Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy

In the 1990’s, and culminating into a new taxonomy in 2001, a former student of Benjamin Bloom made some changes to the original by rearranging the levels and changing the terms from nouns to verbs (Churches, 2016). Like the original, the lower level skills are on the bottom, and increase as it moves up to the top tier, which is the highest order of thinking skills. Below is a diagram of the revised version that was put out by Lorin Anderson (Churches, 2016):

Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy

Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy was a great tool, but it quickly became obsolete due to the rapid integration of technology into the classroom.  As a result, a more modern revision was created (Churches, 2016).  In this taxonomy, each of the levels contained the same verbs as Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy, but they are used in the context of utilizing technology to reach these levels.  The image below summarizes it well:

bloom20pyramid

Remembering

At the remembering level, students should be able to recall information from memory.  Some tasks that they can complete at this level include (Churches, 2016):

  • Searches in search engines like Google, Firefox, or Safari
  • Bookmarking
  • Making lists in a word processor such as Word or Google Docs
  • Using flashcards in web tools such as Hot Potatoes or Moodle
  • Using social media like Facebook or Twitter

Understanding

Students should be able to describe the meaning behind a graphic or passage.  At this level, some tasks they could complete might be (Churches, 2016):

Applying

Students can be expected to execute or implement information in simulations, presentations, collaboration, or using models.  Some ideas that could be implemented are (Churches, 2016):

  • Making slide show presentations with Google Slides, PowerPoint, or Prezi
  • Making movies or animations with imovie or Camtasia
  • Collaborating with web conferencing tools, such as Skype or Adobe Connect
  • Science and math simulations with PhET

Analyzing

At this level, students can differentiate between parts, organize them, and explain relationships.  Some possible activities may include (Churches, 2016):

  • Making and taking polls in Google Forms or Survey Monkey
  • Organizing and interpreting data in Excel or Google Sheets
  • Using Databases such as Google Earth
  • Graphing Data with Excel, Google Sheets, or Online Charts

Evaluating

Students should be able to check, critique, test, or make judgments about a topic at this level.  Some activities they could do are Churches, 2016):

  • Collaborating with peers in a debate on discussion boards or social media
  • Making tests, quizzes, or polls for their peers in Socrative
  • Create voice recordings in Vocaroo
  • Write answers to open-ended questions or journal-write in SeeSaw and have peer reviews

Creating

At this level, the students should be able to do all of the previous forms of thinking, and have reached the pinnacle of Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy.  Here they can do all sorts of things, such as (Churches, 2016):

As you can see, Bloom’s Taxonomy has grown quite a bit over the years, and has progressed to fit within the technology classroom.  I hope some of these ideas and web tools that I have provided you with are helpful as you embark upon new technological endeavors!  Let me know if you have a great lesson you tried and had success with.  I would love to see your ideas!

References

Churches, A. (2016). Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy. [article]. Retrieved from: http://edorigami.wikispaces.com/Bloom%27s+Digital+Taxonomy

Churches, A. (2016). Bloom’s digital taxonomy. Bloom’s quicksheets. [article]. Retrieved from: http://edorigami.wikispaces.com/Bloom%27s+Digital+Taxonomy

Churches, A. (2016) Bloom’s digital taxonomy. [image of a diagram showing the levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy]. Retrieved from: http://edorigami.wikispaces.com/Bloom%27s+Digital+Taxonomy

Churches, A. (2016). Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy. [image of Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy]. Retrieved from: http://edorigami.wikispaces.com/Bloom%27s+Digital+Taxonomy

Penney, S. (2014). [image of Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy as a pyramid with images of possible web tools that could be used to reach each level]. Retrieved from: http://faculty.indstate.edu/spenney/bdt.htm

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